The Gambia (officially the Republic of the Gambia) is located in Western Africa and occupies an area of 11,300 square kilometres. It is bordered to the north, south and east by Senegal and has an 80 kilometre coast on the Atlantic ocean to the west. The country’s borders roughly correspond with the path of the River Gambia.
Banjul, the capital, is located at the mouth of the River Gambia. Its strategic location and world-class port provide access to the Atlantic Trade Triangle (one of the world’d busiest shipping lanes) and serves as a trade and transportation center for the Gambia and neighbouring countries. This strategic location is complemented by the modern air and seaport, a well-developed road system, business-friendly climate, and an invaluable Economic Community of West Africa States (ECOWAS) trade agreement between 15 West African countries. This environment provides foreign and local investors in The Gambia with unique operational advantages!
A brief history
The River Gambia was ceded to Great Britain under the 1783 Treaty of Versailles. The Gambia was under British colonial rule from 1816 and served as a strategic enclave against French influence in the sub-Saharan region. The Gambia gained independence on February 18, 1965 from the United Kingdom. In 1970, The Gambia became a republic within the Commonwealth, following a second referendum with Prime Minister Jawara as Head of State.
In July 1994, Yahya A.J.J Jammeh came to power following a peaceful military coup d’etat. An election held in 1996 resulted in Jammeh being declared the civilian President of the Second Republic. President Jammeh has remained in the office since, winning two consecutive elections in 2001 and 2006. His repeated electorial successes have helped create a peaceful democracy and stable socio-political setting for people and businesses to thrive.
Facts at a Glance
|Type of Government:||Republic|
|Major Cities:||Banjul, Basse, Brikama, Farrafenni and Serrekunda|
|Languages:||English, Fula, Jola, Mandinka, Sarahuleh, Serere and Wollof|
|Religion:||Muslim: 90%; Christian: 8%; Indigenous Beliefs: 2%|
|Electricitiy Voltage:||220-230 Volts at 50 Hertz|
|Local Time:||Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)|